After doing a release upgrade to Ubuntu Server 18.04, Postfix stopped working with the following messages in the syslog:
Mar 11 09:56:02 servername postfix/master: warning: process /usr/lib/postfix/sbin/smtpd pid 12628 exit status 1
Mar 11 09:56:02 servername postfix/master: warning: /usr/lib/postfix/sbin/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling
Mar 11 09:57:02 servername postfix/smtpd: fatal: in parameter smtpd_relay_restrictions or smtpd_recipient_restrictions, specify at least one working instance of: reject_unauth_destination, defer_unauth_destination, reject, defer, defer_if_permit or check_relay_domains
postconf -e 'compatibility_level=2'
systemctl restart postfix.service
Here’s a quick and dirty, no-frills bash script to install the HP Server Management Tools on Ubuntu Server. As is, it will install the command line utilities to configure ILO and your RAID controllers. You can look up the other package names available for your distribution by examining the Packages file as in this example here:
Continue reading “Bash Script – Install HP Server Management Tools on Ubuntu Server”
I’ve done this dozens of times now over the last couple of years when it comes to swapping out workstation hard drives with SSDs and it’s pretty much become second nature at this point, but I think the world could use a good write up on this because I’ve wasted countless hours acquiring this knowledge.
So, for today’s lesson, we will be cloning a Windows 8.1 installation from a 500GB desktop hard drive onto a 250GB SSD. Basic knowledge of how to use tools like the command line and Disk Management are assumed. Continue reading “How to Clone Windows with Clonezilla when the Destination Disk is Smaller than the Original – OR – Cloning a Large Drive to a Smaller SSD”
Here’s a cheap ass script to tar up and dump all of your MySQL databases to separate files using the Debian system maintenance account. Sure there’s plenty of room for improvement here, but hey, it gets the job done and is perfect for a midnight cron job.
Based off of this with a few of my own customizations.
Continue reading “Bash Script – Backup All Databases to Separate Files”
Let’s keep this short and sweet, here’s how to run x11vnc server on startup with your Raspberry Pi running the Raspbian OS. Obviously, if you don’t have x11vnc installed beforehand, then you’re a dumbass blankety blank blank and you should die.
Either SSH into the Pi (as pi) or open up a terminal and do one of the following:
Continue reading “Raspbian – How to Run X11vnc on Startup”
In a busy network environment, it is critical to have some form of network monitoring on all your servers and equipment. Network monitoring comes in many different forms and flavors, whether it be to monitor critical system services and applications via SNMP, WMI, or some proprietary third party software, or just generically pinging some devices to make sure they are up.
Nowadays, it is getting more and more necessary to dig deeper to be able to track what end users are doing and what websites they are visiting and this is where the Cisco Netflow comes in handy. Essentially, netflow allows us to peer down into the network traffic streams and give us vital source, destination, and protocol information coming to and from our network hosts but isn’t quite as storage intensive as doing a full fledged pcap dump, which makes historical accounting of this data a whole lot nicer.
Continue reading “Bash Script – Move Files into Subdirectories Based on Modified Date – OR – Moving Ntop Netflow Dumps into Subdirectories by Date”
Recently I set up an Icecast server to be able to stream music on hold to my Asterisk servers at work. Here is an updated init script for Icecast2 that adds support to start the Ices2 source client at the same time. For streaming audio from a playlist with Ogg support, Ices2 is a good candidate. For streaming audio from an mp3 based playlist, have a look at Ices0 that can be downloaded on the same site. There is also an array of different Icecast source clients to choose from here. This just happened to be the first one that I tried out. I ended up bastardizing the code somewhat to make it conform to my own personal preferences by using functions and what not to make it all pretty like. I also chose to run Ices2 as the same user as the icecast user, so you would have to update any permissions on the Ices2 directories and config files as needed.
Continue reading “Ubuntu – Icecast2 Startup Script with Ices2 Support”
These are just a few quick notes of mine on how to host a PRI circuit from a Sangoma card in an Asterisk server to another Asterisk server or wherever for that matter.
This config here is for a Sangoma A102 with two ports and Asterisk will provide the clocking source. Channels 1-23 will be the B channels and channel 24 will be the D channel for signaling. Echo cancelling will be enabled as well.
#autogenerated by /usr/sbin/wancfg_dahdi do not hand edit
#autogenrated on 2015-08-28
#Dahdi Channels Configurations
#For detailed Dahdi options, view /etc/dahdi/system.conf.bak
#Sangoma A102 port 1 [slot:4 bus:6 span:1]
#Sangoma A102 port 2 [slot:4 bus:6 span:2]
Continue reading “Asterisk – How to Host a PRI Circuit with a Sangoma Card”
Backup Exec on Linux, otherwise known as RALUS, is great but it has no provisions for limiting it’s disk I/O or CPU usage during different periods of the day. Unfortunately, BE for Windows doesn’t have that option either, so get on it Symantec, nudge, nudge.
If you’re like me, you might have backup jobs on File Servers that span several terabytes worth of data that can essentially run for a day or two on their own. The problem is that people get really bitchy when things don’t run at the normal speed that they are used to and the inconsiderate assholes don’t give a shit when you explain why.
Well here are a few cron job tasks that I came up with to help relieve some of that pressure on your file server. Continue reading “BackupExec 2012 – How to Limit CPU Usage and Disk I/O on RALUS with Cron Jobs”
I have to say, I’ve worked with the Adtran TA924 Gen1 and Gen2 in the past and thought it was a great product then, but here recently I’ve just rediscovered the amazing flexibility of this unit and I am extremely impressed.
I’ve used the TA924 with a SIP trunk from both a Metaswitch and Asterisk before to convert to analog FXS ports and have had great success. It has always been rock solid but even back when the device was still in it’s infancy stages, it had a few limitations. I remember specifically when the unit could only do a PRI into a PBX and that is certainly no longer the case any more. There doesn’t seem to be anything this unit can’t do at this point. <3
At work, we had around 20 plus regular POTS lines through AT&T and were getting massively raped over the past several years (every year our prices have went up and at the time of porting our numbers out, we were looking at $74 dollars per POTS line and not including usage charges. Effing ridiculous. That is why I hate AT&T and refuse to support them, not to mention all their NSA spying garbage.) and I got a great deal on a PRI through our fiber internet provider so I needed a way to sort of peel out some of the channels into fax lines with DIDs and then bring the rest of the lines into my Asterisk server. In comes my old TA924 Gen2, that was collecting dust on a shelf, to the rescue. Continue reading “Adtran TA924 PRI Conversion – Routing Inbound DIDs to FXS Ports or via a SIP Trunk to Asterisk and Allowing Bi-Directional Communications Between the Two”